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Mozambique • Fish

The identifications were only made on the basis of the photographs which is very hazardous for most of the species. As a consequence the Latin names might not be accurate.
The books used for the identification are listed: bibliography.

What we use to call fish is a very heterogeneous group. To try to undrestand how it works I've done a small table: fish.
Link to the fish base: fishbase.

Click on the pictures to get a closer view

CHONDRICHTHYES, cartilaginous fishes

Himantura uarnak
Dasyatidae - stingrays
cf. Himantura uarnak (Forsskål, 1775), coachwhip ray

OSTEICHTHYES, Actinopterygii, ray-finned fishes

Anguilliformes, eels

Echidna nebulosa
Echidna nebulosa
Echidna nebulosa
Echidna nebulosa
Family Muraenidae, morays
Echidna nebulosa (Ahl, 1789), snowflake moray, very common in shalow water.

Rhinomuraena quaesita
Rhinomuraena quaesita
Muraenidae, morays
Rhinomuraena quaesita Garman, 1888, ribbon moray
This fish is first a male and then changes to a female (protandrous hermaphrodite). Juveniles are all black, males have yellow dorsal fin as on the picture and females change to a nearly all yellow color.

Gymnothorax
Muraenidae, morays
Gymnothorax sp.
Gymnothorax
© Copyright 2006 Fiona McIntosh
Muraenidae, morays
Gymnothorax favagineus Bloch & Schneider, 1801

Gymnothorax
© Copyright 2006 Fiona McIntosh
Muraenidae, morays
Gymnothorax griseus (Lacepède, 1803)

Synodontidae
Saurida gracilis
Synodontidae
Saurida cf. gracilis Quoy & Gaimard, 1824, graceful lizardfish
 Synodus variegatus
Synodontidae
cf. Synodus variegatus Lacépède, 1803, red lizardfish ???
Saurida gracilis
Synodontidae
Saurida cf. gracilis Quoy & Gaimard, 1824, graceful lizardfish
Antennariidae, frogfishes
Antennarius commerson
Antennarius commerson
Antennarius commerson
Antennarius commerson
© Copyright 2006 Fiona McIntosh
Antennariida, frogfishes
Antennarius cf. commerson (Latreille, 1804), black angler living in a sponge: cf. Haliclona sp.
Syngnathiformes
Aulostomus chinensis
Aulostomidae, trumpetfishes
cf. Aulostomus chinensis (Linnaeus, 1766), Chinese trumpetfish
Fistularia
Fistulariidae, cornetfishes
cf. Fistularia sp.
Corythoichthys
Syngnathidae, pipefishes and seahorses
cf. Corythoichthys sp.
Hippocampus histrix
Hippocampus histrix
Syngnathidae, pipefishes and seahorses
Hippocampus cf. histrix Kaup, 1856, spiny seahorse
Scorpaeniformes
Thysanophrys otaitensis
Thysanophrys otaitensis

Platycephalidae, flatheads
cf. Thysanophrys otaitensis (Cuvier, 1829)
Thysanophrys otaitensis
At first, I saw two white spots on the sand (1st photo), then, a touch and the fish appeared !

Taenianotus triacanthus
Taenianotus triacanthus
© Copyright 2006 Fiona McIntosh
Scorpaenidae
I think it's Taenianotus triacanthus Lacépède, 1802, leaf scorpionfish, not to be confused with the real leaf-fish from the Tetrarogidae family.

Pterois miles
Pterois miles
Pterois miles
© Copyright 2006 Fiona McIntosh
Pterois miles
Pterois miles
Scorpaenidae, Pterois cf. miles (Bloch), devil firefish

Pterois miles
© Copyright 2006 Fiona McIntosh
Scorpaenidae, Cf. Scorpaenopsis sp.

Perciformes, Labroidei, parrotfishes, rainbowfishes, and wrasses
Amphiprion akallopisos
Amphiprion akallopisos
Pomacentridae
Amphiprion cf. akallopisos Bleeker, 1853, nosestriped anemonefish

Dascyllus trimaculatus
Pomacentridae,
Dascyllus trimaculatus (Rüppell, 1828),
Domino damselfish.

Well, the pictures are terrible but they're here to remind anyone snorkeling South from Fim du Mundo beach to listen carefully. You might hear a strange kind of growl, if you look around you, you'll observe that each time this sound comes, a D. trimaculatus is attacking an other fish. As far as I remember, the agressive D. trimaculatus were not living with anemones as on the photos.
Wilson reports that threespot damsellfish (from the Caribbean) "cultivates" a small algal crop and defend it vigorously by "erecting fins, striking postures, making popping or cliking sounds...". Might be that our D. trimaculatus are defending their crops !
Dascyllus trimaculatus
Pomacentridae,
Dascyllus trimaculatus (Rüppell, 1828),
Domino damselfish.
Perciformes, Percoidei
Pomacanthus imperator
Pomacanthidae, angelfishes: Pomacanthus imperator (Bloch, 1787), emperor angelfish

Perciformes, Blennioidei, blennies
Aspidontus taeniatus
Blenniidae, blennies
Aspidontus cf. taeniatus Quoy & Gaimard, 1834, false cleanerfish
This fish is really a nice one for a photographer: always in the same hole, motionless ! As it's rather small, living in shallow water in a place with waves, I had trouble to focus and had to come back for a few day: the fish was always at the rendez-vous !
In a narrow hole (in fact a worm tube) an other Aspidontus is living, more shy, I wasn't able to take a picture ofvit. Aspidontus taeniatus is known to live in pair.
Aspidontus taeniatus imitates the cleaner wrasse Labroides dimidiatus. Wilson reports that the blenny imitates its model so well that it's nearly indistinguishable from it in both appearance and swimming habits. The blenny, instead of cleaning the victim will bite and consume pieces of its fins.
Perciformes, Gobioidei , gobies
Bryaninops yongei
Gobiidae, gobies
Bryaninops cf. yongei (Davis & Cohen, 1969) on a black coral Cirripathes sp.

Tetraodontiformes
Ostracion cubicus
Ostraciidae, boxfishes
cf. Ostracion cubicus Linnaeus, 1758, yellow boxfish
Arothron stellatus
Tetraodontidae, puffers
cf. Arothron stellatus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801), starry toadfish
Canthigaster valentini
Tetraodontidae, puffers
cf. Canthigaster valentini (Bleeker, 1853)
Last update 27/10/06
© Copyright 2006 Sophie Valtat